Anime; plural: anime), often called Japanimation, is hand-drawn and computer animation originating from Japan. The term is derived from the English word animation, and is utilized in Japan as a blanket term for all animated media. Beyond Japan, anime is used either to refer to animation made in Japan, or to a Japanese-disseminated animation design frequently defined by colorful graphics, vibrant characters, and fantastical styles
The earliest industrial Japanese animation dates to 1917. A characteristic anime art style emerged in the 1960s with the works of Osamu Tezuka and spread out in the 2nd half of the 20th century, developing a large domestic and worldwide audience. Anime can be dispersed theatrically, by way of television broadcasts, straight to house media, and over the Internet. In addition to original works, anime are typically adjustments of Japanese comics (manga), light novels, or video games.
Production approaches and methods related to anime have adjusted gradually in response to emerging innovations. As a multimedia art type, it combines graphic art, characterization, cinematography, and other innovative techniques.  Anime production typically focuses less on motion, and more on the realism of settings in addition to making use of camera results, including panning, zooming, and angle shots.  Diverse art designs are utilized, and character proportions and functions can be rather varied, including typically large or realistically-sized emotive eyes. Anime is classified into many genres targeting both broad and niche demographics.
The anime market in Japan consists of over 430 production studios, with major companies including Studio Ghibli, Gainax, and Toei Animation. Despite consisting of just a fraction of the nation's domestic film market, anime makes up a bulk of Japanese DVD and Blu-ray sales. Considering that the 1980s, anime has likewise seen increasing worldwide success with the rise of foreign-dubbed and subbed shows. As of 2016, anime accounted for 60% of the world's animated tv shows.
As a type of animation, anime is an art kind that makes up many categories found in movie theater; it is in some cases incorrectly à¸à¸™à¸´à¹€à¸¡à¸°à¹ƒà¸«à¸¡à¹ˆ categorized as a category itself. In Japan, the term anime is used to describe all animation, despite origin. English-language dictionaries more restrictively define anime (United States:
The etymology of the term anime is contested. The English word "animation" is composed in Japanese katakana as ã‚¢ãƒ‹ãƒ¡ãƒ¼ã‚·ãƒ§ãƒ³ (animÄ“shon) and as ã‚¢ãƒ‹ãƒ¡ (anime [a.ni.me] (About this soundlisten)) in its reduced form. Some sources declare that anime originates from the French term for animation dessin animÃ©, but othersbelieve this to be a misconception stemmed from the appeal of anime in France in the late 1970s and 1980s
In English, anime-- when used as a common noun-- usually works as a mass noun. (For instance: "Do you enjoy anime?" or "How much anime have you gathered?") Just like a couple of other Japanese words such as sakÃ©, PokÃ©mon, and Kobo AbÃ©, English-language texts in some cases spell anime as animÃ© (as in French), with an acute accent over the last e, to cue the reader to pronounce the letter, not to leave it quiet as English orthography may suggest. Prior to the extensive use of anime, the term Japanimation was widespread throughout the 1970s and 1980s. In the mid-1980s, the term anime began to supplant Japanimation. In basic, the latter term now just appears in period works where it is utilized to distinguish and recognize Japanese animation.
The word anime has also been slammed, e.g. in 1987, when Hayao Miyazaki stated that he disliked the truncated word anime because to him it represented the desolation of the Japanese animation market. He corresponded the desolation with animators doing not have inspiration and with mass-produced, overly expressionistic items relying upon a repaired iconography of facial expressions and protracted and overstated action scenes but doing not have depth and sophistication in that they do not try to convey feeling or thought.